Friday, March 7, 2014

The characteristics, type and Benefits of Durian

Similarly, bark, Durian is one type of tropical plant from Southeast Asia. The durian fruit is favorite by the community, but many also do not like the fruit of this one. The fruit tastes sweet and fragrant aroma that will tempt your appetite for memakanya soon.
(see also: pakan burung)

The characteristics and Habitat Durian
The distinctive feature of this plant is having a hard rind and sharp grooved to resemble thorns. In general, the characteristics of the fruit trees are: up to 30 m tall with stem diameters of 50cm, has a low bangir roots, bark smooth initially but gradually becomes grooved lengthwise. Has leaves that are oval and round, with leaves about 2-24 cm long and 3 wide, 5 to 8, 5 cm.

The durian fruit trees and grow in lowland forests and in forests or forest pamah mix that has flat ground at an altitude of 500 meters above sea level and generally makes grown on the type of clay. Generally durian tree grows in Borneo because this plant species are endemic plant species. In Borneo itself this fruit has been cultivated.

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(Not included) Eudicots
(Not included) Rosids
Order: Malvales
Family: Malvaceae
Genus: Durio
Species: D. zibethinus
Binomial name
Durio zibethinus
Rumph. ex Murray

Types of Durian Fruit
As with other fruits, Durian also has many types. Based on the national superior cultivars, there are more than 55 types of durian cultivation. Some of them are:

Durian Gapu and Kelud of Kediri, East Java
Ligit of Kutai
Rose of Long Kutai
Ripto of Terri
Salisun of Nunukan
Strait of Muara Jambi
Sememang of Banjarnegara
Tong Medaye of Lombok
Heralds from northern Bengkulu
Bido Wonosalam of Jombang East Java
Officers from Majalengka
Petruk from Jepara, Central Java
Soya Ambon Maluku
Sunan of Boyolali.

Actually there are several types of durian from local races, but his lead is not guaranteed. Some of them are: Parung Durian, durian Lampung, Jepara durian, durian Palembang, and Padang durian. All this of course has its own flavor and characteristics.

Nutritional Content and Benefits of Durian Fruit
At each 100 g of coated seeds of durian actually been shown to contain 67 grams of water, 28.3 grams carbohydrates, 2.5 grams fat, 2.5 grams protein, 1.4 grams of fiber, and has an energy value of 520 kJ. Besides durian also turned out to contain vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin C, and calcium and phosphorus. The benefits of durian fruit itself include: good for skin health, aid digestion, regulate sugar levels, helps fight depression, avoid and reduce constipation, control diet, controlling body temperature, help to stop smoking, and avoid stress.

Durian (Durio zibethinus)
Nutritive value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 615 kJ (147 kcal)
Carbohydrates 27.09 g
- Dietary fiber 3.8 g
5:33 g fat
1:47 g Protein
Water 65g
Vitamin C 19.7 mg (33%)
Potassium 436 mg (9%)
Only the edible portion, raw or frozen.
Stover: 68% (Shell and seeds)
(see also: pakan burung kacamata)
Source: USDA Nutrient Database
The percentage refers to U.S. recommendations for adults.


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